The Western Hemisphere is part of the globe that includes North and South America, accompanying islands and surrounding waters. The US State Department’s 2015 report stated South America and the Caribbean serve as areas of financial and ideological support for the Islamic State (IS), in addition to other Middle Eastern and South Asian terrorist groups.
The Republic of Honduras is a hot and mountainous South American country, roughly the size of Louisiana in the USA. According to United Nations data Honduras is the most violent country in the Western Hemisphere, the mix of drugs trafficking, political instability and history contributing to a murder rate four times that of Mexico.
New drug trafficking patterns indicate the reintroduction of popular 1980s Caribbean routes. Drug shipment corridors between Peru, Colombia and the US are flexible, constantly evolving in response to law enforcement interdiction efforts or varying markets.